Superintendent's Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports, San Juan School, 1922-1926
The following pages provide
a copy of what exists in government records of the Superintendent's Annual
Narrative and Statistical Reports, San Juan School, 1922-1926.
The documents include reports from the San Juan Day School
at the pueblo of Ohkay Owingeh, and date from a different period in education, long
before the boarding school in Santa Fe, SFIS, like a number of other former
government boarding schools, became a community-oriented school operated by
Indians for Indians, the All Indian Pueblo Council having first contracted to
operate SFIS in the 1970s.
The early Day School system was a complement to the US
Government Indian Boarding School system.
The period covered by these documents was known at the SFIS as “the
Starving Years” due to overcrowding and the scarcity of food for students. It is from a period when parents were often
not allowed to choose whether their child would be taken miles from home to
attend a military-style government boarding school. It is from the period before students were
allowed to speak of, have, or make anything from their own cultural traditions,
before the reforms of John Collier's BIA in the 1930s.
I am Tewa. My name is
Daniel Moya. I was raised on the pueblo
by my grandparents, Feliciana Tapia Viarrial and Fermain Viarrial. When my grandmother was five years old, in
1909, she entered the US Government Boarding School at Santa Fe. She stayed all the way through, until 1922,
and like other students, was hired out during summers to work in the boarding
school “outing” programs.
Like many, there were things that my grandmother told me
about her boarding school experience, and things she did not. Finding and sharing these documents is part
of my trying to learn more about her and what her world was like in these
Perhaps you may find a relative's name in these
documents. If you might like to share
stories, I would love to hear from you: .
We’ve made available online Test Text No. 1, which provides
lists of SFIS students, 1919-1920 to 1928-1929 school years. A person whose name appears on the lists of
SFIS students may still have a student file preserved at the US National
Archives, at the office in Denver. You
to arrange to view or to get a copy.
If you have a family member, likely of an older generation,
who went to Carlisle Indian Boarding School, you can also look to see if
there's a student file for them and get a copy (from Washington, DC) through
the name index and instructions at .
These pages were copied from Reel 127 of a 174 reel set
comprising the BIA's New Mexico “Superintendent's
Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports From Field Jurisdictions of the Bureau
of Indian Affairs, 1907-1938.” (NARA microfilm publication M1011) More information on this microfilm
publication and others can be found at
under “American Indians NARA Microfilm Publications.” Reel 127 also includes what still exists of
the Santa Fe Superintendent’s annual reports from 1910-1930. We’ve made these available online as Test
Text No. 2. Reel 126 contains the
records of San Juan School, 1910-1922. Additional
records related to San Juan Day School are available as NARA microfilm
publication M-1473, “Bureau of Indian Affairs Records Created by the Santa Fe
Indian School, 1890-1918.”
It's been hard for people to talk about these experiences in
a difficult time in history. Let's share
these stories while we still can.
2014 New Mexico History Scholar
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